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Digraphs

Updated: Mar 12, 2023

Digraphs

For today’s phonics post we are going to be exploring consonant digraphs! Digraphs is a fancy word that is used to describe a grapheme that is made up of two letters. They can occur at the beginning, middle or end of a word. In English we have the following consonant digraphs:

CK, CH, SH, TH, WH, NG, QU, PH, GH


Once a student has learned single letter graphemes, digraphs are an important next step. We start introducing digraphs quite early in our programs.

CK – back, pack, Jack

QU – quest, quick

CH – chair, child, march

SH – cash, fashion, fish

TH – thank, anything, bath

WH – what, when, why

NG – sang, song, sing, sung

PH – phone, graph

GH – laugh


While these are sometimes considered digraphs, we teach them as 'ghost digraphs':

These are also introduced later on in our scope and sequence.

GH – (silent h) ghost

KN – (silent k) knee, knew

WH – (silent w) who, whole

MB – (silent b) thumb, climb


Important Teaching Tip

Digraphs are two letters working to make just one sound. You should NOT try to sound out a digraph. For example, /k/ + /h/ = /ch/. Instead students should learn that ‘ch’ is ONE grapheme making one phoneme/sound, /ch/.


If your child is learning digraphs, we have a fun games and stories that we utilize during tutoring sessions to help your child. We would love to support your family!

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